Two geographic features define this region: the Lake Maracaibo basin, a depression covered by Andean sediments, and the Sierra de Perija – also known as the Sierra de los Motilones – a local and sparsely populated mountain range in the western part of the region, bordering Colombia. Zulia has many habitats that are reservoirs of interesting wildlife, such as the Sierra de Perija and coastal marshes, which are home to a wide variety of species, although some are still threatened by the state’s economic activities, such as deforestation, poaching, or water pollution. The diversity of Zulia’s natural landscapes, in addition to the presence of Lake Maracaibo, defines a wide range of climatic zones in the state, characterized by a very irregular rainfall regime. Moreover, the shores of Lake Maracaibo and the shores of the Gulf of Venezuela offer travelers beautiful beaches, as well as true architectural gems of Venezuela’s colonial past, such as San Carlos Castle, Castillo de Zapara and the fortified post of Payana. Known for its cultural traditions, tropical climate and cultural diversity, the Zulia region and its capital, Maracaibo, are an important part of Venezuela’s natural and cultural landscape. The most famous of these parks is the Sierra de Perija National Park, officially established on December 12, 1978, to conserve local biodiversity on an area of 295,288 hectares. Compared to other regions of Venezuela, the state of Zulia does not have a large number of national parks. The Zuliana region dominates northwestern Venezuela and includes only Zulia State, the most populous state in the country. However, the region continues to attract domestic and foreign tourists due to the many opportunities the state offers. Overall, the Zulia region is one of the best regions to visit if you want to discover a truly spectacular aspect of the Venezuelan landscape. Another park, Cienagas de Juan Manuel National Park, was created on June 5, 1991.